History

The name Bread and Cheese Creek dates to colonial times [1] and is of unknown origin. Local legend, however, maintains that it derived its name during the Battle of North Point during the War of 1812. The tradition is that the stream was a popular resting spot for soldiers to eat their rations which often consisted of hardtack (bread) and cheese.[2]

Brigadier General John Stricker and his troops of 3,200 men made camp along Bread and Cheese Creek on the evening of September 11, 1814 waiting the British advance. On the morning of September 12, 1814, “scouts returned with the news that the British were advancing slowly and that General Ross, Rear-Admiral George Cockburn, and their staffs were eating breakfast at the Gorsuch farm. When Stricker’s officers heard that the British were enjoying themselves at Gorsuch’s, several of them volunteered to dislodge them.”[3] According to popular legend, “Daniel Wells (age 18) and Henry G McComas (age 19) spotted General Ross having previously seen him at the Battle of Bladensburg on August 24, 1814.” [4] They each took shelter behind some trees and “fired simultaneously."[4] As Ross fell (struck through the arm and chest), the British troops fired at the smoke generated from their rifles, killing them both.

After the mortal shooting of Ross, the British under Colonel Arthur Brooke advanced through the Bouldin family farm to attack the American line anchored at the junction of North Point Road and Trappe Road. General Stricker's line consisted of the 27th, 5th, 39th and 51st regiments of Maryland Militia, supplemented with a company from Hagerstown and several companies of troops from Pennsylvania. The Battle of North Point lasted for several hours during the afternoon. Brooke sent his 4th Regiment of Foot in a flanking maneuver to unsettle the American left, which led to Stricker's 51st regiment and elements of the 39th regiment to retreat in some disorder. The remainder of the Americans traded volleys with the invaders until they eventually retreated in good order when their ammunition began to become low.

After 4 p.m., “The British, exhausted from a day of unexpected fighting, broke off the attack and bivouacked for the night along Bread and Cheese Creek.”[5] In the 1900s a dairy farm,“The Dundalk Dairy,” opened along a large portion of Bread and Cheese Creek. It operated for many years, but was purchased by the government in order to build Merritt Boulevard. In the early 1970s, a barn and a few other buildings as well as a small family cemetery were still visible, but crumbling. These were removed when Baltimore Gas and Electric (now Constellation Energy) put up the high tension lines and Merritt Manor Shopping Center was built.

Clean Bread and Cheese Creek is proud to be a partner of the Star Spangled Sailabration celebrating the National Bicentennial of the War of 1812. For more information of the event, please visit their website.

References

  1. Indenture of 9 September 1771, Provincial Court Land Records, 1770-1774, Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD. "Bread and Cheese Creek." Provincial Court Land Records, 1770-1774, Maryland State Archives (MSA). Accessed 2010-12-28.
  2. United States Geological Survey. Reston, VA. "Bread and Cheese Creek." Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). Accessed 2010-05-01.
  3. General John Stricker report to General Samuel Smith, September 15, 1814. Niles’ Weekly Register. September 24, 1814.
  4. Christopher T. George, “Who killed Robert Ross?”, published as part of the ongoing series “Monumentally Speaking….”, 1997
  5. Kathy Lee Erlandson, “Where Are the British Soldiers Killed in the Battle of North Point Buried?”, Society's History Trails, Winter 1998

For further reference info, please visit the Bread and Cheese Creek wiki page.

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